Good candidate sourcing helps companies proactively find and hire qualified people. Here, we answer frequently asked questions about candidate sourcing to help you build strategies to attract active and passive candidates.

What is sourcing?

Candidate sourcing is the proactive search for potential hires to fill current and future job openings. To source candidates, recruiters:

What is the difference between sourcing and recruiting?

Sourcing refers to the process of searching for, identifying and contacting potential candidates. Recruiting kicks in after sourcing, and includes the HR processes of screening, interviewing and evaluating applicants.

In some HR departments, recruiters handle sourcing as the first step of the recruiting process. In others, professionals known as sourcers are responsible for finding qualified candidates and are not involved in other phases of the recruitment cycle.

Both recruiting and sourcing fall under the umbrella of HR. For more on the differences between HR disciplines, read our FAQ here.

How does sourcing affect recruiting?

Sourcing is an integral part of a company’s recruiting strategy. Recruiters who source candidates:

What is a Sourcing Specialist?

Sourcing Specialists, also known as Sourcers, are HR professionals who identify and engage potential candidates for current and future hiring needs.

Sourcing Specialists:

What is social sourcing?

Social sourcing is the practice of using social networks (e.g. LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter) to identify, attract and contact potential candidates.

Sourcers use social media to:

What are some of the most effective social sourcing tools?

Social sourcing tools help sourcing specialists and recruiters narrow their search and identify qualified candidates quicker. Here are some social media tools and platforms that will streamline your sourcing:

(To source EU candidates, please refer to this guidance on using social media for recruiting under the General Data Protection Regulation, or GDPR.)

While not specifically sourcing tools, these websites can help you find specific kinds of candidates:

What are the most effective platforms for social sourcing?

The most effective platforms for social sourcing are LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. If you want to expand your sourcing efforts to non-traditional channels, consider the following social platforms:

  • Slack is a group communication tool for people with common professional interests. Use Slack to source candidates by joining channels relevant to your industry and striking up conversations with passive candidates in a more casual setting.
  • Meetup is a website that facilitates meetings and groups for people with common interests. Boolean search helps you x-ray meetup.com to find candidate profiles relevant to your roles.
  • Reddit is an online forum where members talk about a range of topics. Though a non-traditional sourcing solution, Reddit’s communities (called subreddits) can be great places to post job ads and talk to potential candidates.
  • Snapchat is popular for its ephemeral interface, which includes disappearing messages. It is used largely by younger people (e.g. entry-level employees and interns.) Use its unique features (special effects and stickers) to create job ads and applications that grab potential candidates’ attention.
  • Google+ is Google’s social network where members showcase their background and interests. On Google+ you can join communities, find candidates’ online portfolios and resumes and contact them directly (though Google+’s direct Gmail integration.)

(To source EU candidates, please refer to this guidance on using social media for recruiting under the General Data Protection Regulation, or GDPR.)

What is Boolean search?

Boolean search is a type of search that combines desired keywords with operators such as AND, NOT and OR to produce relevant results. It’s based on George Boole’s mathematical theory in which all variables are either true or false. You can run Boolean searches on many search engines, including Google.

Recruiters customize Boolean searches to scour the web for relevant profiles of niche candidates. Here’s a basic breakdown of how to use Boolean operators:

Boolean operatorUseExample
ANDResults include all keywords linked with AND‘developer AND android’
ORResults include either keyword or all of them‘android OR mobile’
NOT / minus symbol(-)Excludes a keyword from your search (When using the minus symbol don’t leave a space before the unwanted term)

*Google doesn’t recognize the operator NOT, so use the minus symbol, instead.

‘NOT sample’ / -sample
Brackets ()Group multiple search strings and set priorities‘Project (manager OR coordinator)’
Quotation marks ” “Search for an exact phrase (Consider keywords in quotation marks as a whole word) “customer service”

Here’s an example Boolean search string to look for UI Designers with experience in Illustrator or Sketch:

(intitle:resume OR intitle:cv) “UI designer” (Illustrator OR Sketch) -job -jobs -sample -examples

Skip Boolean searches and jump straight to the results. People Search from IWA is the fastest, most effective way to find email addresses, resumes, social and professional profiles.

What are the best methods for sourcing candidates?

Use a combination of online and offline methods to source candidates effectively. Here are the best ways to source qualified candidates for your open roles:

(To source EU candidates on social media, please refer to this guidance to ensure compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation, or GDPR.)

  • Craft Boolean search commands. Boolean logic helps you target your searches to fewer, more relevant results. Use Boolean strings to search for candidates by specific criteria, like location, email address and phone number.
  • Ask for referrals. Involve your current employees in your sourcing efforts by encouraging them to refer candidates who qualify for your open roles. Employee referrals are known to reduce time-to-hire and increase retention rates.
  • Join and host events. Recruitment events help you meet potential candidates in person. Participate in job fairs or host your own open house event to invite potential candidates to your office, where they can meet with your teams.
    • Consider attending events related to the industry you’re recruiting for through sites like Meetup or Eventbrite (check to see if these events are recruiter-friendly, first.)
  • Build talent pipelines. Past candidates might be interested in future job openings. Use an ATS to stay in touch and keep their data organized (e.g. resumes, assignments and interview evaluations).
  • Browse resume databases and portfolio sites. Job boards give employers access to candidates’ profiles, including resumes, career histories and contact details. Also, if you’re hiring for creative roles look for portfolios and work samples on sites like:
  • Network through niche platforms. Although not built for recruiting, social platforms like Quora, Slack and Reddit encourage communication among people with common interests. Be an active member of these communities. Engage in conversations, identify passive candidates and share your job ads.
  • Improve your employer brand. The easiest way to persuade candidates to join your company, it to be a good employer. Offer meaningful perks, update your careers page and spotlight your employees. A strong employer brand prompts candidates to consider a job opportunity when you reach out to them.
    • Start with Glassdoor. Work with HR to fill out your company description and respond to reviews from employees.

What is a passive candidate?

A passive candidate is a common recruitment term to describe people who are:

Most of the employed workforce is interested in learning about a new job opportunity, so it’s worthwhile to source passive candidates.

What are the best approaches for sourcing passive candidates?

Passive candidates refer to people who aren’t actively looking for a new job opportunity. Since they don’t apply through your regular recruiting process, you will have to grab their attention. Here’s how:

Personalize your communication

Each sourcing email you send should contain information specific to your recipient. For example, include a professional achievement of theirs that caught your eye:

  • e.g. “Our engineering team mentioned that your contribution to X Github project was impressive.”

Or, briefly explain how their skillset aligns with your business goals:

  • e.g. “I’ve noticed how well you interact with customers on social media. We’re currently looking for a Brand Ambassador to communicate online with our clients.”

Network before you need to

People are more likely to respond to your emails or calls if you have met them in-person. Invest some time to build relationships with potential candidates before you need them. For example:

  • Attend or host events to network with people within your industry.
  • Join forums and social platforms (like Twitter and Slack) to converse with potential future candidates.
  • Stay in touch with past applicants to keep them warm for new job opportunities.

Tap mutual connections

People who aren’t actively looking for a new job are more likely to consider one if they hear about it from a friend. Consider asking your employees to refer their friends. Here are some steps to get you started:

How much time should I spend on sourcing?

As a rule of thumb, spend at least 30 minutes per week sourcing passive candidates and building your talent pipelines. During that time, browse social networks, engage with people online and craft sourcing emails to potential candidates.

Adjust your sourcing time based on the positions you’re recruiting for and your familiarity with each position. For example, it will take longer to identify and hire qualified candidates for hard-to-fill roles. Likewise, if you’re hiring for a new position, give yourself some time to research the skills required for the role and the best places to look for qualified people.

Should I ask a passive candidate for a resume before a phone screen?

No. First, contact passive candidates to introduce yourself and inform them about the job opening. Once they’ve expressed interest in the position, ask for a resume to share with your client or hiring manager.

Asking for a resume right away sets off red flags because it:

Also, for some roles, resumes aren’t the most important qualification criterion. For example, if you want to hire a designer, a portfolio of their previous work will tell you more about their skills than a resume will.

A rule of thumb: Always gather as much information about potential candidates as possible before contacting them. You can find resumes and other social profile information with targeted Boolean searches on LinkedIn and on resume databases.

How can I make sourcing/recruiting a priority for hiring managers?

Recruiters and hiring managers are partners in the hiring process. Often, when there’s an open role, managers give recruiters their requirements and expect a shortlist of qualified candidates in return.

Here’s how to make sourcing and recruiting a priority for hiring managers:

How do I source entry-level candidates?

Here’s how to hone your search to source entry-level employees:

How do I source executive-level candidates?

Sourcing executive-level candidates means looking for potential hires who are both experts in their field and have solid leadership skills.

Here’s how to refine your sourcing techniques to find candidates for senior and executive-level roles:

  • Ask for referrals. Referred candidates are usually hired faster and stay at their jobs longer. Considering that senior-level positions have a higher cost-per-hire compared to entry-level roles, employee referrals are a budget-effective solution to recruit executive candidates.
  • Implement social sourcing strategies. Senior and executive-level candidates mightn’t be actively looking for a new job opportunity, but they may be active social network users. Join professional online groups and start building a network with potential candidates.
  • Praise their accomplishments. Executive-level employees are prized for their expertise, so flatter them by studying their strengths. Personalize your communication to explain how their professional success will contribute to your business goals.
  • Build your employer brand. To convince executive-level candidates to join your company, establish a strong employer brand. Offer meaningful perks and benefit packages, like stock options, if possible.

How do I budget my sourcing?

Well-budgeted sourcing drives an effective recruitment process. Here’s a guide on how to budget your sourcing:

Step 1: Calculate your hiring needs and turnover rates

First, determine how many positions you need to hire for each year (due to either new openings or separations). This will give you an overview of your sourcing needs and costs. For example, if you don’t plan to hire new employees next year and you have high retention rates, you might want to reduce your sourcing budget for that year.

To calculate your hiring needs and turnover rates:

Step 2: Calculate your basic sourcing costs

Basic sourcing costs include:

Step 3: Estimate your fixed costs

Your fixed costs category can include:

Step 4: Estimate your recruiting technology costs

This includes software fees for recruiting tools (monthly or annually). For example:

Step 5: Include miscellaneous costs

Other costs or one-time expenses in your sourcing budget include:

For an even deeper dive into how to source candidates, download our detailed candidate sourcing ebook

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